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In English this term the children will be recapping simple, compound and complex sentence structures as well as revisiting the use of conjunctions. Later in the term we will learn the difference between fact and opinion and explore sentences which open with an adverb/adverbial phrase.  These skills will help us to successfully write a factual recount which follows chronological order. The children will also be expanding their vocabulary by using a thesaurus to use synonyms and antonyms for “old” and “young”. We will continue to practice punctuating speech to show direct speech in our writing. At the end of this term, the children will use all of these skills to create a narrative that conveys characters’ thoughts.

In Maths, the children will begin by focusing on and recapping adding 3-digit numbers with crossing 10/100. They will then move on to adding two 4-digit numbers with no exchange and adding two 4-digit numbers with exchange. We will have a big focus this term on times-tables, from 3 to 9. The children will learn facts and use arrays, counting in groups of as well as using the inverse division to secure their knowledge of multiplications. We will then move onto multiplying  3 numbers together using our knowledge of addition and multiplication. Across all aspects of maths, the children will have the opportunity to develop their reasoning skills as they compare statements and worded questions which require more than one step to solve them.

In RE the children will be learning about Islam. They will learn and understand that Muslims believe Muhammad was a messenger of God and the last prophet. The children will learn about the Shahadah and that all Muslims recite the same words.  They will use their prior knowledge of this faith to describe what Muslims might learn from a story about Muhammad’s life. There will be an opportunity for children to investigate the different ways in which Muslims show their beliefs about Muhammad such as in art, calligraphy or design.

In Science we will be learning about the cycles in nature. The children will study patterns, trends and cycles that occur throughout the seasons in the life of plants and animals. They will learn and understand that the tilt of the earth creates our seasons. The children will think scientifically about the changes to plants through the seasons and how the increased hours of sunshine in the summer help plants to gain the necessary energy to grow bigger. They will learn about the life cycle of frogs and about the process called metamorphosis.

In History we will be looking at Ancient Egypt’s hierarchal society. The children will look at social pyramids and be introduced to a large range of terminology such as slaves, Viziers, Craftsmen/Artisans, and Pharaoh. They will also learn about how archaeologists have been able to find out about the food Egyptians ate, the clothes they wore, the houses they lived in and the jobs they did. The children will learn about the similarities and differences between the lives of the rich and the poor, and the lives of men and women at this time. Later in the term, the children will focus on the fascinating Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs regarding the afterlife. Finally, we will find out about the artefacts found in the tombs of both a craftsman and his wife, as well as one of the most well-known pharaohs- Tutankhamun. The children will learn about how archaeological discoveries, such as Howard Carter’s discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb and the discovery of the Rosetta Stone, have enabled us to learn more about life in Ancient Egypt.

In Geography, the children will explore settlements. They will learn about hamlets, villages, towns and cities and the locations of these in a particular part of the United Kingdom. The terms “rural” and “urban” will be introduced and the children will learn how to recognise features of both in contrasting areas of the United Kingdom. We will move onto learning about population density, and will examine and interpret population data of the United Kingdom from a map.