Summary of subjects (summer half term 2)
History: This term Elm will be focusing on significant periods of British history by diving deeper into the changing power of the monarchy during the 17th century. Throughout this half term children will be exploring the causes and consequence of significant events, such as: The English Civil War how and why it happened; The Gunpowder Plot what drove Guy Fawkes to make such a decision to blow up the houses of parliament; The Plague how it came to the country, how it spread and how it killed massive amounts of people and animals; and The Great Fire of London, how it happened and why it spread so quickly, but also why it helped Britain to change its architecture views for the future. Also, this term Elm will be analysing the influence of significant people including Oliver Cromwell and Sir Christopher Wren. Elm will also be exploring the political and religious context of this period and will be able to make comparisons and draw contrasts between the reigns of each monarch/leader.
Science: This half term the focus will be electricity, we will be going over what we use it for, how it behaves and how we must use it safely. Pupils will look at common appliances that run on electricity. Next, we will explore and understand that electricity can flow around a loop, called a circuit. They will make simple circuits and consider what happens when the circuit is broken. They will recognise that batteries are stores of electrical energy that can power a component such as a bulb. Next, pupils will be introduced to switches. They will learn that often a circuit will contain a switch, which allows the flow of electrical current to be stopped by opening the circuit. They will understand that switches can be used for safety reasons and that a switch opens and closes a circuit which turns any components within the circuit on and off. Within this unit, children will learn about the inventor Thomas Edison and his work. They will learn that he was able to make an electric lightbulb that was suitable for people to use in their homes. They will also learn about Lewis Howard Latimer, an inventor who created a carbon filament for Edison’s bulb, which allowed it to shine for long periods of time. Lastly, they will learn that scientists build on each other’s work.
Geography: This half term the focus of learning will be on the continent of physical and human geographical features of Japan. Elm will start by identifying Japan’s location in the Northern Hemisphere. Then they will learn about Japan’s position on tectonic plate boundaries and what the consequences are for the islands of Japan and the people who live there. Next, looking to meteorology, children will learn that Japan is located at a position where two large air masses meet; one from the Asian continent that has travelled over land and one from the Pacific Ocean that has travelled over the sea helping Elm to understand how diverse Japan’s climate can be. When studying physical geographical features of Japan, children will look at Mount Fuji, Mount Asama and Mount Sakurajima, some of Japan’s volcanoes. They will revisit Japan’s location on a tectonic plate boundary and will learn about the undersea earthquakes that can cause tsunamis in Japan.
Lastly, Elm will learn about the capital of Japan, Tokyo, and its second city and former capital city; Kyoto. Children will learn about the bullet train that carries passengers around Japan at high speeds. As part of understanding some of Japan’s cultural traditions, children will learn about Feudal Japan and the class system that was important in the past. Children will understand that traditions from the past are still valued and celebrated in Japan.
Art: Elm will be introduced to needlework and embroidery. Early in the term Elm will be looking at the embroidery on the coronation dress of Elizabeth II and the Duchess of Cambridge’s wedding dress, and through this start to learn about different embroidery stitches. They will design and create their own bookmarks using cross-stitch. Later on in the term, Elm learn about weaving. They will be looking at a wide range of tapestries made at Mortlake based on drawings of the life of Christ by Raphael and revisit the abstract work of Anni Albers who was part of the Bauhaus movement. Elm will spend time developing their own weaving skills, using cardboard looms, by making bookmarks and other creative designs.
RE: Elm will be exploring Judaism. Children will learn within Judaism about The Shabbat and how the Torah records that Shabbat (the sabbath) is to be a weekly reminder that Israel is joined in a covenant with God; it was commanded by God in the Torah. On this day, Jewish people do no work but Torah study is encouraged and, in the synagogue, a weekly ‘portion’ of the Torah is read and discussed.
Next, Elm will enquire and learn about the Covenant relationship. Judaism speaks of the relationship or covenant between God and Israel in legalistic terms: God is the "commander" and Jewish people are “commanded by God” to engage in certain behaviours and prohibited from others. The covenant is also spoken of as a relationship of love and commitment and these permeates every aspect of the God and human relationship in Judaism. Elm will learn that the paradigm for human relationships, especially the marital relationship, which is conceived in covenantal terms: a man and woman are obligated to one another in a manner requiring respect, mutuality, and loyalty.
Lastly, Elm will explore and evaluate the Passover and Shavuot. Elm will learn that the Jewish people were commanded to keep the festival of Passover. Also, they will discover the story of what happened when God set them free from Egypt as they unravel how it is told as part of an elaborate ritual. Elm will understand that this is an important part of learning about the covenant relationship with God. As Passover ends, the counting of the ‘omer’ begins, a tradition which takes Jewish families up to Shavuot. At this celebration, which is also a harvest festival, Jewish families remember the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai as the most momentous event in their history.